Nov
15
2011

ABRAHAM LINCOLN, SIXTEENTH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Because he believed so strongly in the promise of self-government, Abraham Lincoln was able to deal with its problems.  In all of history, there has been no greater spokesperson for the ideals of democracy.  His ideas were translated into action during his presidency, when Lincoln fought to preserve the Union and emancipate the slaves.

Lincoln’s remarkable life story gives him a unique appeal among America’s leaders.  Born in a log cabin in Hodgenville, Kentucky on February 12, 1809, he toiled as a log splitter and storeowner before entering politics.  He was not always successful as a politician, but voters and colleagues always knew where he stood.  “I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free,” he said during his losing bid for a Senate seat in 1858.  He added that slavery was a “moral, social and political evil.”

With Abolitionist support, Lincoln was nominated for President in 1860 and went on to win the election over three other candidates.  Southern secession began as soon as the final results were tallied.  By the time he was inaugurated, seven states had seceded and formed a separate Confederate government.

Lincoln explored every avenue to avoid the shelling of Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, which began the Civil War.  Having failed, he committed the nation to the ‘fiery trial” necessary to keep the Union intact.  The war was a severe test of the President’s will and spirit.  In the fall of 1862, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation granting freedom to slaves in all rebellious states.  The following fall, he restated the reasons for the war in his stirring Bettysburg Address.

With the end of the conflict in sight, the nation overwhelmingly reelected Lincoln in 1864.  In his secon inaugural, the President looked forward to apeace in which there would be “malice toward none” and “charity for all.”  He called on the people to “bind up the nation’s wounds” and “do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace.”  But before his post-war program could be implemented, Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth, a Southern fanatic.  He died on April 15, 1865 and is buried in Springfield, Illinois, his hometown for nearly 30 years.

Nicetas

About the Author: Nicetas Juanillo

Writing makes me happy away from home. My website is where you can find my tips about lifestyle, health and other issues. I also have books on my site that you can read to know more

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