Aug
19
2011

1974 BICENTENNIAL FIRST DAY COMMEMORATIVE COVER: JOHN ADAMS AND THE FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS

The second president of the United States, a Boston lawyer who became a prominent leader of the cause for independence.  During the Revolution, Adams’ activities extended to the difficult problems of military administration and the international diplomacy of the emerging nation.

The First Continental Congress

In the spring and summer of 1774, an exasperated British ministry imposed upon the American colonies, a series of punitive measures known as the “Intolerable” or “Coercive Acts,” in retaliation for the “Boston Tea Party” and other overt acts, especially on beleaguered Massachusetts, triggered an unparalleled spirit of political unity among the colonies, and a general call for a Continental Congress.

On September 5th, fifty-six delegates from twelve colonies, assembled in Philadelphia to attend the Congress.  Prior to adjourning on October 26th, the delegates resolved to reconvene the following May, if Britain failed to meet the demands of the Congress.  The First Continental Congress thus marks the inception of a continuing national assembly which was to become the Congress of the United States of America.

In a series of resolutions, the Congress declared as “Unconstitutional” many Parliamentary acts affecting the colonies, condemned such British practices as the collection of revenues, the extension of Admiralty courts, the dissolution of colonial assemblies, and the quartering of troops, and supported both economic sanctions against Britain, and the popular bearing of arms in defense of colonial liberties.

On the reverse of the 1974 medal, a figure superimposed on a relief of the American coast, symbolizes the Congress as a united entity whose scope of representation encompasses the colonies.  The Congress offers a sheaf o f petitions and resolutions to Britain.  The gesture is respectful and conciliatory, but the bearing is erect and determined.

Bicentennial Commemorative Stamps: Carpenters’ Hall and Independence Hall

Carpenters’ Hall was the meeting place of the First Continental Congress.  The structure was built by the colonial master builders, who are members of the Carpenters Company of the City and County of Philadelphia, founded in 1724.  Completed in 1773, the Hall has served as headquarters for many distinguished organizations such as the Library Company of Philadelphia, the American Philosophical Society and the First Bank of the United States.

Independence Hall

Within the walls of Independence Hall, known also as the Pennsylvania State House, the Second Continental Congress met and adopted the Declaration of Independence, George Washington was made Commander-in-Chief of the American Army, and the Constitutional Convention created the Constitution of the United States.  Both Carpenters’ Hall and Independence Hall are considered to be outstanding examples of Georgian architecture.

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Nicetas

About the Author: Nicetas Juanillo

Writing makes me happy away from home. My website is where you can find my tips about lifestyle, health and other issues. I also have books on my site that you can read to know more

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