Nov
3
2011

Nutrition And Fluids

1. Anorexia – the loss of appetite

2. Aspiration – breathing of fluid or an object into the lungs.

3. Calorie – the amount of energy produced from the burning of food by the body.

4. Daily Reference Values (DRVs) – the maximum daily intake values for total fat, carbohydrate, and dietary fiber.

5. Daily Value (DV) – how serving fits into the daily diet; it is expressed in a percent based on a daily diet of 2000 calories.

6. Dehydration – a decrease in the amount of water in body tissues.

7. Dysphagia – difficulty or discomfort in swallowing.

8. Edema – swelling of body tissues with water.

9. Enteral Nutrition – giving nutrients through the gastrointestinal tract.

10. Flow rate – the number of drops per minutes (gtt./min)

11. Gastrostomy – a surgically created opening in the stomach.

12. Gavage – tube feeding

13. Graduate – a calibrated containers used to measure fluid.

14. Hyperalimentation – the intravenous administration of a solution highly concentrated with proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals; fat also may be added.

15. Intake – the amount of fluids taken in by the body.

16. Intravenous therapy – administration of fluids into a vein; IV, IV Therapy, and IV infusion.

17. Jejunostomy – a surgically created opening into the middle part of the small intestine (jejunum)

18. Nasogastric (NG) tube – a tube inserted through the nose into the stomach.

20. Nutrient – a substance that is ingested, digested, absorbed, and used by the body.

21. Nutrition – the many processes involved in the ingestion, digestion, absorption, and use of foods and fluids by the body.

22. Output – the amount of fluids lost by the body.

23. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube – a tube inserted into the stomach through a stab or puncture wound made through the skin; a lighted instrument allows the doctor to see inside a body cavity or organ.

24. Regurgitation – the backward flow of food from the stomach into the mouth.

Five Characteristics of a healthy diet:

Adequacy – be sure your diet provides enough vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients to replace those use up each day.

Balance – don’t fill up on foods that are rich in some nutrients and ignore others that are equally important. Extra iron for example, won’t make up for too little Calcium.

Calorie control – take in no more calories than you use. Those you don’t burn get stored as fat, which can lead to obesity and other health problems.

Moderation – limit certain foods – like those containing fat, cholesterol, and sugar. Moderation, not abstinence, is the key.

Variety – eat a lot of different foods. You’ll not only get all the nutrients you need, you’ll enjoy mealtimes more. Further more, many foods contain small amounts of toxins and contaminants your body doesn’t notice unless you eat them a lot. Wait a few days before repeating a food to reduce the chances of any danger.

Nicetas

About the Author: Nicetas Juanillo

Writing makes me happy away from home. My website is where you can find my tips about lifestyle, health and other issues. I also have books on my site that you can read to know more

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